Ferran Adria Acosta was born on May 14th, 1962. He began his culinary career in 1980 at age 18, as a dishwasher at the Hotel Playafels in Castelldefels. For a year, the Chef de Cuisine at the hotel taught him how to prepare traditional Spanish cuisine.
At 19, he was drafted into military service where he worked as a cook. In 1984, at the age of 22, Chef Adria joined the kitchen staff of El Bulli as a line cook. El Bulli opened in 1964 by Dr. Hans Schilling and his Czech wife Marketa, and was named for the French bulldogs they owned. The restaurant received its first Michelin star in 1976 under Great Chef Jean-Louis Neichel.
In 1987, Chef Jean-Louis left El Bulli to open his own restaurant in Barcelona and Chef Ferran Adria was put in sole charge of the kitchen. In 1990, Chef Ferran gained his second star for the restaurant and in 1997, its third Michelin Star. In 1994, Chef and his partner Juli Soler, his partner in the restaurant, sold 20% of their business to Miquel Horta for 120 million pesetas. This was a turning point for El Bulli. The money was used to finance an expansion of the kitchen and it opened the door to new clients who helped spread the word about the creative experimentation happening at the time in Cala Montjoi.
The experimentation is often referred to as “molecular gastronomy”, but Chef Ferran Adria defines his cooking as “deconstructivist”. He defines the term as “taking a dish that is well known and transforming all its ingredients, or part of them, then modifying the dish’s texture, form and/or its temperature. Deconstructed, such a dish will preserve its essence, but its appearance will be radically different from the original. His goal was to provide unexpected contrasts of flavor, temperature and texture. Nothing is what it seems. The idea was to provoke, surprise and delight the diner, which it accomplished. The customer didn’t go to El Bulli to eat, but rather to have an experience. El Bulli was only open six months a year, from April thru September. The rest of the year is spent in their Barcelona laboratory dreaming up and creating tastes for the next season.
El Bulli closed in 2011 and Chef Ferran Adria retired at age 49, dedicating his career to innovation and disruption tecniques.